Dr. La’aleh Al-Aali recently published in the International Journal of Human Resource Development, Policy, Practice and Research an article “Sustainability, Performance and Development: Towards an Understanding of the Intersections between Human Resource Development (HRD) and Capacity Building”. The paper reports on a study to consider the relationship between ‘Human Resource Development’ and ‘Capacity Building’. Despite the prominent use of these terms in HRD and international development literature, few studies have directly sought to compare and contrast their meaning. The study is comprised of two phases. This paper examines HRD definitions and descriptions alongside definitions and descriptions of capacity building. Findings draw attention to potential intersections that exist between capacity building and HRD in areas such as performance and development and provide support to the thesis that HRD can be considered as a development process that has a role to play in broader capacity building initiatives. Given these findings, the study highlights the potential for research on capacity building to inform HRD theory and practice and for HRD research to inform capacity building theory and practice.